Pablo Picasso

BIOGRAPHY

1881-1973

Born in Spain but living and working primarily in France, Pablo Picasso was among the giants of twentieth-century art.  During his long career, he was a protean and prolific creator of paintings, prints, sculptures and ceramics.  He is probably best known for his pioneering work in Cubism and his monumental black-and-white depiction of the Spanish Civil War, Guernica (1937).  The following year, when he drew Trois Femmes, Picasso was in various stages of involvement with three different women, Marie-Therese Walter, Olga Khokhlova and Dora Maar.  His influence burgeoned when The Museum of Modern Art mounted a major retrospective in 1939.